Children suffering from Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) in India are not uncommon. Rather, CKD remains an alarming disease and a major public health challenge with a global prevalence of 15-74.7 cases per million children. There are several factors that may lead to her CKD in a child, including difficult healthcare systems in some parts of the world, geography, genetic and environmental conditions.
Several reports suggest that the incidence of CKD has increased rapidly over the past two decades. The causes are much different in children than in adults.
What is Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)?
Known as a chronic disease in which a patient’s kidneys are permanently damaged, kidney function declines and worsens over time. It can also be deciphered as a chronic kidney disease that leads to kidney failure in extreme circumstances. CKD can affect people of all ages and races.
What causes chronic kidney disease in children?
In children, there are several factors that lead to CKD, including birth defects, birth defects, and genetic disorders such as polycystic kidney disease. Moreover, recurring urinary tract infections (UTIs) in children should be closely monitored and treated promptly, as urinary tract abnormalities can lead to CKD.
There are several types of CKD that can develop in children because each stage of CKD causes a decline in kidney function. You may be in any of the stages. In most cases, not all children progress from stages 1 to 5.
What are the common symptoms of chronic kidney disease in children?
Symptoms may vary from child to child, but there are some common symptoms that occur as CKD progresses.
1) anorexia and fatigue
2) puffiness and swelling around the eyes, feet and ankles
3) Prolonged bedwetting and frequent urination in children aged 5 and over
4) poor growth compared to other children of the same age
5) chronic nausea
6) Severe and frequent headaches
7) Anemia due to reduced production of red blood cells
How to diagnose chronic kidney disease
There are several ways to diagnose CKD. In some cases, kidney problems are discovered on ultrasound before the child is born. In other cases, children have been diagnosed with other conditions in which kidney problems are more common.
Additionally, there are several health concerns in children that lead to the diagnosis of CKD. The following tests are usually performed by a pediatrician to diagnose CKD in a child depending on her health problems and symptoms.
1) Ultrasound and X-ray: One of the most powerful ways to detect CKD is by ultrasound or X-ray. A picture of the kidney can help show damage to the kidney or structures around it. Ultrasounds and X-rays can also help provide hints as to what may have caused kidney problems.
2) Urinalysis: Often a pediatrician will suggest analysis of the child’s urine that has been collected to detect protein chains. The presence of protein in the urine can be a sign of kidney damage.
3) Blood test: Blood tests can show many things that help control the level of kidney function, such as levels of kidney function, levels of chemicals in the blood, and levels of red blood cells.
Four) biopsy: In extreme circumstances, a kidney biopsy, in which a small piece of the kidney is removed and examined under a microscope to determine how much damage has occurred to the kidney, can be done.
Possible ways to treat chronic kidney disease in children
Although CKD causes permanent kidney damage in children and cannot be cured, there are some advances in medicine that have greatly improved the care of children with CKD. In some ways, the progression of the disease can be slowed, and it can also prevent the child from other serious conditions that may arise in the future.
The main goals of CKD treatment are:
1) Treatment of conditions leading to CKD
2) Delay progression of CKD with proper diet and medication
3) Control symptoms by constantly monitoring and assessing the stage of CKD.