On April 12, 1961, Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the first human in space, followed by numerous explorations. In 1969, Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin set foot on the moon. But traveling and staying in space is a physically and mentally arduous process. Astronauts experience some negative emotions. Some of them show reduced maximal oxygen uptake, accelerated aging primarily due to increased exposure to radiation, and plasma loss. We believe that there is actually a small amount of gravity found in space. Since the 1980s, astronaut diets have appealed primarily to women. Studies have shown that the diets astronauts followed on their space journeys allowed them to lose weight in a very short period of time.
This diet is classified as the “NASA diet” and is so strict that the World Health Organization ranks it among the chemical diets.
Features of the NASA Diet
The main feature of this diet is the high absorption of protein from eggs and meat. Also, eliminating dairy products such as milk and yogurt from your daily diet is a well-known feature of this diet as well.The NASA diet is suitable for everyone and has no restrictions. Those who choose to follow it can eat as much vegetables and meat as they like, only breakfast should be the same every day except for his two days of detox.
A chemical diet instantly activates your metabolism. This can be achieved by replacing fatty foods with lean foods such as fruits and vegetables. “Chemistry game” where the body enters accelerates fat burning. The main reason many people choose this diet is the rapid weight loss of 4 kg or more per month. The NASA Diet began with his two-week program, which included two days of detoxing (one each week for him).
When did research on astronaut diets begin?
Research into astronaut diets began long before the 1980s, when it became known as the NASA Diet. In fact, his research began in 1961, when he made the first human spaceflight. The problem was the fact that gravity was too low. The relative absence of gravity makes people want to throw up. However, the scientist’s view was not so correct. That is, Yuri Gagarin managed to eat properly and properly.
food preparation process
Food can be safely eaten in zero gravity if it is stored in special decompression containers. Fruits and breads can be consumed naturally as they do not require special processing. Other foods, such as spaghetti, require water consumption. Also, the spaceship has an oven. Finally, salt and pepper preservation should be done in liquid form. This is only to avoid clogging the ventilation system and damaging the astronaut’s eyes.
The most common foods for space travel are chicken, seafood, pastries, nuts and fruit. Still, condiments like peanut butter, beef, ketchup, mayonnaise, and mustard are still optional.
Other health recommendations
Astronauts sleep at least eight hours each day in a special room. Their diet consists of 55% carbohydrates, 30% fat and 15% protein. Additionally, omega-3 fat supplements and beta-alanine should be taken daily to protect the immune system. The crew monitors hygiene daily and keeps diaries of illnesses and blood samples for research purposes.
In summary, an astronaut’s diet is important, so it’s worth noting that a thorough study of nutritionists is done before embarking on a space trip. Astronauts have different nutritional needs. A petite woman needs 1900 kcal a day, and a large man needs 3200 kcal a day. An astronaut’s daily diet consists of breakfast, lunch and dinner.
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