A study published online Sept. 14, 2022 found that a combination of seven healthy lifestyle habits, including seven to nine hours of sleep per day, regular exercise, and frequent social contact, was associated with type 2. It was associated with a reduced risk of dementia in people with diabetes.Problem of neurology®the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.
“Type 2 diabetes is a global epidemic that affects 1 in 10 adults, and people with diabetes are known to have an increased risk of developing dementia,” said a Chinese official. Yingli Lu, M.D., Ph.D., study author, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine. “We investigated whether a broad combination of healthy lifestyle habits could offset the risk of dementia and found that people with diabetes who incorporated seven healthy lifestyle habits into their lives were more likely to lead healthy lives. We found a lower risk of dementia than diabetics who didn’t send.”
For this study, researchers consulted the UK Health Care Database and identified 167,946 people aged 60 and over, with or without diabetes, who were free of dementia at the start of the study. was filled out, physical measurements were taken, and a blood sample was provided.
For each participant, researchers calculated a healthy lifestyle score from 0 to 7. Habits included no current smoking, moderate alcohol consumption, up to 1 drink per day for women and 2 drinks per day for men, and regular exercise of at least 2.5 hours of moderate-intensity or 75 minutes of vigorous exercise. It includes physical activity once a week and 7-9 hours of exercise. daily sleep time. Another factor was a healthy diet containing more fruits, vegetables, whole grains and fish, and less refined grains, processed and unprocessed meats. This was defined as watching television less than 4 hours a day, and frequent social contact was defined as living with other people and spending time with friends or family at least once a month. It was defined as getting together and participating in social activities. at least once a week or more.
Researchers followed participants for an average of 12 years. During that time, 4,351 people developed dementia. A total of 4% of people practice only 0-2 of their healthy habits, 11% do 3, 22% do 4, 30% do 5, 24% do 6, and 9% do all 7 ran.
Diabetics who followed two or fewer of the seven healthy habits were four times more likely to develop dementia than people without diabetes who followed all seven healthy habits. People with diabetes who followed all their routines were 74% more likely to develop dementia than non-diabetics who followed all their routines.
For all-adherent diabetic patients, 21 cases of dementia occurred in 7,474 person-years or 0.28%. Person-years represent both the number of people who participated in the study and the time each person spent on the study. For diabetics with habits less than or equal to her 2, 72 developed dementia in 10,380 person-years or 0.69%. After adjusting for factors such as age, education and ethnicity, those who followed all habits had a 54% lower risk of dementia than those with two or fewer. For every healthy habit people followed, the risk of dementia decreased by 11%. The association between healthy lifestyle scores and dementia risk was not affected by the drugs people took or how well they controlled their blood sugar levels.
“Our study shows that for people with type 2 diabetes, living a healthier lifestyle may significantly reduce the risk of dementia.” and other health care professionals should consider recommending lifestyle changes to their patients that not only improve their overall health, but also prevent or prevent dementia in people with diabetes. It may also contribute to the delay of onset.”
A limitation of this study was that people reported about their lifestyle habits and may not remember all the details accurately.
This study was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China, Shanghai Ninth People’s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, and other funders.
Materials provided American Neurological Association. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.