For the study, researchers sought to investigate age-related changes in cardiovascular health (CVH) measures on the incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Analyzes were performed using data from his JMDC claims database from 2005 to 2020 (n = 2,728,427, mean age 44.9 ± 11.0 years, 56.2% male). Participants were divided into three age groups: 20-49 years (n = 1,800,161), 50-59 years (n = 644,703), and 60-75 years (n = 283,563). The ideal CVH index consists of smoking cessation, BMI <25 kg/m2, target physical activity, breakfast intake, blood pressure <120/80 mm Hg, fasting blood glucose <100 mg/dL, and total cholesterol. was Less than 200 mg/dL. Approximately 5,988 myocardial infarctions (MI), 53,409 angina pectoris, 26,530 strokes, and 52,712 heart failure (HF) episodes were observed over a mean follow-up period of 1,194 to 917 days. The association between non-ideal CVH measurements and CVD incidence varies by age group, with 20-49 year olds showing the strongest association. Similarly, her 1-year relative risk reduction for each cardiovascular event in individuals whose two non-ideal her CVH parameters decreased to 0 also decreased with age. This was true for both men and women. For example, the relative risk reduction for myocardial infarction was 0.51 for those aged 20-49, 0.48 for those aged 50-59, and 0.40 for those aged 60-75. Incident CVD involving HF. This indicates a need to focus on improving modifiable risk factors and lifestyle choices in young people for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease.
Source – ajconline.org/article/S0002-9149(22)00522-7/fulltext