A recent study found that cancer cases in people under the age of 50 have increased dramatically around the world. Early-onset cancer cases appear to be on the rise due to factors such as alcohol consumption, sleep deprivation, obesity, smoking and consumption of highly processed foods. , says the risk of early-onset cancer has increased with each generation and will continue to rise with each generation. (Read also: Asymptomatic Breast Cancer: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention)
Cancer, one of the leading causes of death worldwide, is caused by both modifiable and irreversible causes. Lifestyle changes can greatly reduce the risk of fatal diseases. Indeed, the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Health and Family Welfare recently, in its 139th report to Rajya Sabha, reported that cancer should be notified in order to determine the precise incidence and prevalence of the disease in the country. I recommended that it be necessary to make it a disease.
“In recent decades, more and more adults under the age of 50 develop cancer. A high incidence of early-onset cancers (diagnosed before the age of 50) has been shown to increase dramatically worldwide, particularly in the pancreas. All kidney cancers are associated with obesity and are increasing in children and young adults.” Services, Consultant Medical Oncologist and Hematologist, Yashoda Hospital Hyderabad.
“The juvenile exposome, including diet, lifestyle, body weight, environmental exposure and microbiome, has changed significantly in the last decades. It may be contributing to the epidemic of early-onset cancers,” he adds. Dr. Reddy.
“When trying to separate the causes or risk factors for cancer, it can be broadly divided into modifiable and nonmodifiable causes. Modifiable causes include sedentary lifestyle, tobacco consumption, These include alcohol consumption, obesity, diet, stress, lack of exercise, occupational hazards, etc., and irreversible factors, which are usually defective in the genetic makeup of cells and passed down through genes from generation to generation. Genetic factors (hereditary cancers) that are transmitted to and non-hereditary cancers that cause them affect sporadic changes in cell lines, such as exposure to UV or ionizing radiation.” Dr. Sunny Jain, HOD & Sr. Consultant Oncology, Marengo QRG Hospital, Faridabad.
Causes of cancer in young people
1. A sedentary lifestyle
Inactivity and obesity kill nearly two million people each year from major chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes, osteoporosis, stroke, cardiovascular disease and cancer. Colon and breast cancers are associated with obesity, making physical activity a very important modification for cancer prevention.
cancer due to obesity
Obesity is also associated with endometrial, kidney, and esophageal cancers. The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has proposed recommendations for public health action on obesity management.
2. Wrong diet
“For decades, as clinicians, many researchers have tried to identify the relationship between diet and cancer. A diet that limits sexual fats.Folic acid is considered a healthy diet.Studies have shown that men who consume tomatoes have a reduced chance of prostate cancer. It is hypothesized that it is involved in its protective effects.
Role of Diet in Cancer Causes and Prevention
-Vitamin B- Folic acid helps in DNA synthesis, methylation, and repair. Studies have found that increased folic acid intake increases the risk of adenomatous polyps and reduces the chance of colorectal cancer.
– Vitamin A and carotenoids It has been shown to reduce the risk of breast cancer, and some studies suggest that it also reduces the risk of lung cancer.
– alcohol acts as a solvent (causing carcinogens to penetrate the mucosa), an irritant (causing an increase in cell turnover) and also a transporter (directing carcinogens to the basal layer of the mucosa). Considered to be an independent carcinogen. Alcohol consumption is primarily associated with esophageal and oral cavity cancer, and even moderate consumption increases the risk of breast and colorectal cancer.
reduce the risk of cancer
You can’t guarantee that you won’t get cancer, but making healthy lifestyle changes can help reduce your risk.
Dr. G. Vamshi Krishna Reddy suggests tips to prevent cancer.
say no smoking
• Quitting smoking is the best thing you can do to reduce your risk of cancer. Tobacco smoke contains harmful chemicals that affect your whole body, not just your lungs. If you smoke, the best thing you can do for your health is to quit.
maintain a healthy weight
• Maintaining a healthy weight has many health benefits, including reducing the risk of cancer.
eat a balanced and healthy diet
• Having healthy food and drink can reduce your risk of cancer. Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables, fiber-rich whole grains, and healthy proteins. Avoid processed and red meat, alcohol, and high-calorie foods and drinks.
• Don’t drink alcohol, as it reduces the risk of seven types of cancer. It doesn’t matter what kind – all alcohol can cause damage. Whatever your drinking habits, drinking less can improve your health.
Obesity-related cancers on the rise in young adults:
• Kidney cancer
• pancreatic cancer
• gallbladder cancer
• Uterine cancer
• Colon and rectal cancer
• multiple myeloma
“Cancer rates are rising among young adults. We need to adopt a healthy lifestyle, pay attention to symptoms, and consider a comprehensive family history so we can offer early screening.” ‘ concludes Dr. Reddy.
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